Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest) – 11 mi (o&b)

Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest) - 11 mi (o&b) photo
View of Rich Mountain from Highest Summit of Black Fork Mountain

The Black Fork Mountain Trail, in western Arkansas near Mena, is a cool but challenging hike. It’s about 5.6 miles each direction, making it an 11.2 mile out-and-back hike. And it’s a pretty good climb up Black Fork Mountain, one of the highest mountains in Arkansas.

Most of the time when I do a mountain trail, the trail usually doesn’t go all the way up to the highest peak of the mountain. But this trail actually ends on the mountain’s highest peak. And there is a great view from there.

Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest) - 11 mi (o&b) photo
Approximate elevation profile based on gps data.

Black Fork Mountain, like many of the Ouachita Mountains, runs east to west. It is in the Ouachita National Forest and is parallel to and a few miles north of Rich Mountain, home of Queen Wilhelmina State Park.

  Black Fork Mountain Trail Map

Click here for full-screen trail map.

Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest) - 11 mi (o&b) photo
Black Fork Mountain Trail

To begin, start at the Ouachita Trail Eagle Gap trailhead. It is about 10 miles east of the Oklahoma border on Highway 59/270, and has parking available.

Head east on the Ouachita Trail (blue blazes) for about a mile (i.e., don’t cross the highway). The trail first crosses the Ouachita River (which seemed more like a creek to me) and then a set of railroad tracks.

At about a mile in, the Black Fork Mountain Trail (white blazes) branches off to the left.

Most of the next mile or two is spent climbing up the eastern ridge of the mountain on a former forest road. The official Black Fork Mountain Wilderness Area starts in this stretch of the trail.

At around 3 miles, the trail hits a summit with an elevation of around 2,500 feet. Then the trail heads downhill and turns south toward the highway.

At this point, it’s easy to get fooled (as I was) and think that you have already reached the highest point of the trail and that it is going to end near the highway. Nope. The trail descends around 300 feet and then starts the climb up to the highest summit. (The two summits are probably the reason for the “Fork” in the mountain’s name.)

The trail ends at about 5.6 miles and at an elevation of around 2,625 feet. The view at the main (the second and highest) summit is is awesome. I would estimate a 240-degree viewing area from there. There is a clear view of the Queen Wilhelmina Lodge on nearby Rich Mountain. This summit is actually a higher elevation than the lodge. There are also quite a few pretty views along the way up the mountain.

Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest) - 11 mi (o&b) photo
Black Fork Mountain Trail

Most of the trail (except a few spots toward very end) was in great shape, other than some issues with blazes. There were some very long stretches with no blazes and quite a few with only faded blazes. I did not have much trouble finding the trail though.

Be sure to watch your time and get an early start if you intend to do the hike in one day. I ended up hiking about half of the return trip in the dark with my flashlight. Thankfully, the bugs were not out yet. I was exhausted and kind of nauseous when I reached my car at 9:40 p.m. It was a cool hike though.

If you plan to make it a two-day hike, there is a good area to pitch a tent at around 3.5 miles in the first summit area.

Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest) - 11 mi (o&b) photo
Black Fork Mountain Trail

The net elevation gain (i.e., the difference between the highest and lowest points) is 1,047 feet. However, the cumulative elevation gain (i.e., the total of the uphill climbing) is 1,770 on the climb up the mountain with 723 feet of additional uphill climbing (due to the ups and downs of the trails) on the return trip.

Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest) - 11 mi (o&b) photo
Another View of Rich Mountain from Black Fork Mountain Trail

As usual, I have posted some of my photos and a gpx map made from my gps data. You can click the photos for a larger view.

Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest) - 11 mi (o&b) photo
Official Trail Map

Click here to download official trail map.

Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest) - 11 mi (o&b) photo
Black Fork Mountain Trail – Contour Map (click to enlarge)

Click here for gpx file download.

Black Fork Mountain Trail (Ouachita Forest)

LocationPolk County, Arkansas
Length/Type5.6 each way out and back (11.2 total hike).
DirectionsParked at Eagle Gap Trailhead on Hwy 59/279, about 10 miles east of Oklahoma state line. First mile in on Ouachita Trail heading east. Then Black Fork Mountain Trail forks off to the left. White blazes (except for first mile which has Ouachita Trail blue blazes).
DifficultyVery strenuous (5 of 5)
ATT Cell Coverage?About 30 percent.
Official Info (Links)Website.
Weather/Conditions70's with light breeze most of the day.
Date Hiked03-17-2012

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